The region is located at the central part of the country between longitude 330 27 55 and 35026" East also 3052 and 7039 South of Equator.
The regional bounds six region namely Arusha in the north Dodoma (east) Mbeya and Iringa (South) and Tabora and Shinyanga in the north and North West respectively.
The region has 49.342 sq Kms divided in three (3) districts, which are Iramba, singida and Manyoni. It is further divided into division and wards. There are 21 divisions, 85wards and 346 villages
The region receives rainfall of between 500 mm and 800 mm per annum. Rain season commences in November to April. The dry season covers all months from may to October. The average temperature is 150 C and 300 C. It is cold in July and hot between October and November.
According to the 1988 population census, there was 791814 population. The growth rate was estimated at 2.5 population distribution by ages suggest that there are many children of below 15 years. This category from 46% of the entire population in the region.
Economically, the major sectors fund in the region are agriculture (b oth crop production and animal husbandry) commerce and small industries.
Food crops grown are millet, sorghum, maize, cassava sweet potatoes paddy and beans cash crops include sunflower, cotton, finger millet groundnuts and onions.
As it is the case in many regions in the country agriculture is the main stay economic activity. Which provides employment to over 90% of the total working population in the region. There is about 1,134,400 hectare suitable for growing various types of crops. Common crops in this region are tropical crops, mostly cereals and fibrous. Out of all this Arable land only 280,000 hectare equivalent to 24.7% is currently utilized for both food crops and cash production. Agriculture sector contributes around 60% to the region coffer. Other contributions and their percentages include livesock (11%), natural resources (8%), commerce and others 8% respectively, industries 4% and mining 1%.
The region is among the few with n industrial development regardless of ample raw material available. The only available industries are small scale industries ussuallu processing industries (ginning) deploying simple technology that cannot meet the ever -increasing consumer demand.
The industrial census survey conducted in 1989 that there were 287 registered industries with production capacity valued at Tshs. 1.7bn/= per annum. However, of late a number has increased due to the advent of such oil milling factories. To date there are about 11 such industries in the region and with exception of one that deals with cotton oil milling the rest are involved in sunflower. Because of low technology and small capacity they are seasoned and hire labour on casual basis. Although same industries have succeeded to bring in new cash crop (non traditional), (sunflower) supply elasticity has not proportionally responded. Reasons for this range from poor farming methods, poor seed selection, poor farm management and exogenous factors like natural hazards. Also production of the crop and had not offered required incentives to peasants. Price instability and market unreliability to other area account for his poor response.
Most of these industries are individually owned by indigenous or/and in partnership with foreigner. Few of them are owned by cooperative. The sector has all potentially in the region given the existing unexploited natural resources. After the completions of Singida - Manyoni railway branch the major transport obstacle is now the thing of the past
This region boast of having a good number of livestock (number of varieties and number of hard). Animal found in he region includes cattle (both indigenous and improved -hybrid), goat sheep, chicken and donkey. The sector contributes around 11% of regional income. About 60% of the income from beef 30% from chicken and 10% from milk product. Also livestock offers good farmyard manure, which is now in use after the efforts by the regional leadership to change farming practicing practices. It is estimated that about 90% of all livestock indigenous and a mere 10% belong to the hybrid group. Singida development Corporation Limited (SIDECO) - Sagara Ranch and Dairy project that began as early as 1950's under a Greek setter mostly supplied improved variety. It is situated some 48km north of Singida town along an all weather road to Arusha. However its efficiency has been deteriorating owing to lack of capital. Although the project owns 2,172 hectares, it keeps only 50 cattle. Another ranch project was situated at Kinyangiri. But was abandoned due to similar factors.
Road. A network of road in the region depends on the type of road. They range from tarmac road, modern roads and dirty and dusty (usually feder road). The region has 15.5 road lenth of trmac or 0.5% of total road network, 687.5 km of molem roads or 21.5% and 2534.5 kms dirty feeder roads or 78% of total road network.
In pipeline are Singida Shelui road (110) km) which with the help from World Bank (WB) have donated USD $ 50 mn, abut Tshs. 335bn /= a tarmac will be laid. Also there is Shelui - Nzega (110 kms). Africa Development Bank has been contacted assist. The cost is estimated t USD 30mn or Tshs. 20.1 bn/=.
Other world Bank funded projects include Singida - Bahati (1.8bn/=) and rural feeder rods (1.47bn). All these (feeder road projects) are expected to be undertaken within a year- though by phases.
The Central line railway passes across the region through Kintiku, Makutopora, Saranda, Manyoni and Itigi others are Aghondi, Kitaraka and Kilangasi. There is also a branch of railway from manyoni to the region headquarter- Singida. This is good transport alternative for all commodities to and from the region. This line has solved the then chronic transport problem existed before. The line is passable throughout he year.
There is commercial airway service apart from small private airstrips for simple and emergence tasks like flying doctors and the likes. There are three such airstrips at Manyoni, two in Singida district and two in Iramba.
Energy and power supply
The region is connected to the National Grid that goes as far as Shinyanga, Mwanza and Mara to the north. All of three districts have recently been provided with the service. The sole electricity supply (Tanzania Electric Supply Company Limited - Tanesco) has plan to electrify some potential village centers by phases. Villages targeted for this plan are Msisi, Iguguno and Kinampanda in Iramba district (phase one) Puma mission, Ihanga, Dughunyi and Ikungi (phase I and II) in Manyoni. The project will complete come 2000 year.